Continuous/Progressive

1 11 2009

Continuous/Progressive

Continuous digunakan untuk menceritakan tentang pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung atau terjadi pada waktu masa lalu, sekarang dan masa mendatang. Continuous menggunakan kata kerja yang diikuti ing (Verb+ing) untuk menunjukan pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung.

Macam-macam Continuous :

1. The Present Continuous Tense Present Continuous Tense

digunakan untuk menceritakan kejadian/pekerjaan yang terjadi sekarang atau saat itu juga. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan waktu Now, right now, Look!, etc.

Pola :

(+) Subject + to be(am/is/are)+Verb+ing

(-) Subject + to be(am/is/are)+Verb+ing

(?) To be(am/is/are)+Subject+Verb+ing

Tobe Subject
am I
is She,he,it
are They,we

 

 

 

Example:

(+) The kids are watching TV, Now I am sitting down, because I am tired.

(-) I am not learning German, because this is an English class. You are not watching TV.

(?) Are you writing to? Is he doing his homework?

2. Past Continuous Past Continuous

menerangkan kejadian yang sedang terjadi di masa lalu. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan waktu when, while, as long as,etc.

Pola :

(+) Subject + to be(was/were)+Verb+ing

(-) Subject + to be(was/were)+Verb+ing

(?) To be(was/were)+Subject+Verb+ing

tobe Subject
was I,she,he,it
were They,we

Example :
(+)You were studying when she called.
(-) John was not sleeping last night, someone stole his car.
(?) were you studying english when she called?
3.Future Continuous
Future Continuous digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan diharapkan akan berlangsung di lain waktu relatif di masa depan. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan one year, next week, tomorrow.etc

Pola :
(+) Subject +will be+Verb+ing
(-) Subject +will not be+Verb+ing
(?) will be + Subject+Verb+ing

Example :
(+) He will be waiting, for her when her plane arrives tonight.
(-) John will be washing the dishes, tomorrow
(?) Will we be studying together next week ?

4. The Present Perfect Continuous
Sering digunakan (dengan untuk atau sejak) untuk menjelaskan berapa lama sesuatu telah terjadi sampai sekarang. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan waktu all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week.etc

Pola :
(+) subject+ have/has been +Ving
(-) subject+ have/has not been +Ving
(?) have/has been +subject+ Ving

Tobe Subject
have I / you / we / they
has he / she / it

 

 

Example :
(+) She has been writing for two hours.
(-) I have not been living here since 1998.
He has not been speaking, whole week
(?) Has he been doing his home work for one hour?

5. The Past Perfect Continuous
Digunakan untuk berbicara tentang situasi yang lagi terus sampai saat di masa lalu yang sedang kita bicarakan. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan waktu for, since, the whole day, all day,by

Pola :
(+) Subject+ had been +Ving
(-) Subject+ had not been +Ving
(+) had been+Subject+ Ving

Example:
(+) By the time I left England we had been living in Bristol for five years
(-) Her back was sore because she had been not sitting at the computer since before.
(?) had been she waiting since two hour?

6. Future II Continuous
Aksi berlangsung di depan waktu tertentu di masa depan atau Menempatkan penekanan pada kursus dari suatu tindakan. Biasanya mempunyai keterangan waktu for …, the last couple of hours, all day long

Pola :
(+) Subject +will have been+Verb+ing
(-) Subject +will not have been+Verb+ing
(?) will have been + Subject+Verb+ing

Example :
(+) He will have been talking.
(-) He will not have been talking.
(?) Will he have been talking?

7. Conditional I Continuous
Tindakan yang mungkin terjadi, biasanya diawali dengan pengandaian.

Pola :
(+) Subject +would be +Verb+ing
(-) Subject +would be+Verb+ing
(?) would be + Subject+Verb+ing

Example :
(+) if I was rich, I would be buying a car
(-) He would not be talking. If I got tooche
(?) Would he be talking? tonight

7. Conditional II Continuous
Tindakan yang terjadi akan datang tapi sudah berlalu

(+) Subject +would have been +Verb+ing
(-) Subject +would have been +Verb+ing
(?) would have been + Subject+Verb+ing

Example :
Example :
(+) if I have been rich, I would have been buying a car
(-) He would not have been talking. If I got tooche
(?) Would have been talking? tonight


Aksi

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One response

26 09 2010
suker

luwak acem,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

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